The secret to choosing the right lubricant for your car

Car oil plays an important role in engine performance and longevity. Depending on the structure and performance, each vehicle model will be compatible with a different type of lubricant.

So how many lines of specialized lubricants for cars are there? How to choose the right type of oil for your car? Where to buy genuine oil at good prices? Join Huynh Chau to find the answer in the following article.

Why do you need to choose the right lubricant for your car?

During use, lubricants will deteriorate due to 3 reasons:

  • Heat (oxidation, pyrolysis)
  • Contamination (dust, water, fuel)
  • Additives in the oil are consumed

After a period of use, the lubricating oil will no longer ensure lubrication and engine protection properties, so it is necessary to drain it and replace it with new lubricating oil after a certain period of use. Due to different structures and performance, each car model will only be compatible with certain types of lubricants. Using the right type of car oil will help your car operate stably and reach maximum capacity.

To grasp more information about car lubricants, as well as prepare the knowledge to best maintain your car, please refer to the following article:

Uses and properties of lubricants

Uses of lubricating oil

In the engine, lubricants have many functions, the basic ones can be listed as:

Protect: Oil film prevents metal surfaces from coming into direct contact with each other, protects highly loaded surfaces when oil is “swept” off the metal and prevents corrosion of metal and alloy surfaces.

Cool: Lubricants disperse heat generated by friction and fuel combustion up to more than 350°C in the piston area.

Clean: Lubricating oil helps clean the internal parts of the engine.

Sealed: Lubricants form a seal between the piston rings, pistons and cylinder walls to maintain pressure in the combustion chamber and minimize combustion gases from entering the crankcase.

Contains: Lubricating oil will be the container for residues that are kept suspended in the lubricant, avoiding the formation of large residues that can clog the oil filter.

Properties of lubricating oil

Oil viscosity changes with temperature. At high temperature, viscosity decreases and vice versa. Low viscosity oils move more easily than high viscosity oils. In addition, because the weight of the molecules that make up lubricating oil is directly related to its viscosity, people often call it heavy oil or light oil. Light oil refers to low viscosity oil, heavy oil refers to high viscosity oil.

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The secret to choosing the right lubricant for each car brand

You must choose the type of oil that is suitable for the structure, compatible with the design and system of the vehicle, then the vehicle can achieve the highest performance, healthiest and ensure the most durable use. Therefore, when choosing oil for your car, you need to pay attention to the following parameters:

Lubricants according to viscosity (SAE)

SAE is a parameter used to indicate the thickness and thinness of engine oil. Oils with low SAE are effective when the vehicle operates at low rpm, providing a more “fast” driving feel. On the contrary, at high rpm, the engine often heats up quickly because the oil is too loose. According to experts, this type of oil is suitable for cars that often travel long distances at high speeds, because the engine can be continuously cooled.

Car oil High SAE helps the vehicle operate more stably and smoothly at high rpm. In big cities, people prefer lubricants with SAE 20, 30 and 40 depending on operating needs due to hot weather, cold weather or traffic jams that prevent the engine from having enough air to cool. Besides, old car models You should also use this type of lubricant.

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How to read SAE viscosity grade

  • Lubricants with multi-grade viscosity are often denoted as follows: SAE 10W-30, 15W-40 and 20W-50, SAE 0W-40.vv…
  • The number before “W-” refers to the temperature range at which that type of oil helps the engine start well. That temperature is determined by subtracting that number from 30, but calculated at negative temperatures. For example, 20W-50 oil starts well at -10 degrees Celsius. 10W-30 oil starts well at -20 degrees Celsius…
  • The larger the number after “W-“, the thicker it is; the smaller it is, the thinner it is. For example, for a car that often goes on trips, you should choose thick oil because when going on trips, the engine will be hot, the oil will thin out, if you choose thin oil it will cause the phenomenon of “engine screaming”. When traveling in the city, you should choose thinner oil so that the car can start easily after stopping and starting many times.

Lubricants according to quality features (API)

API is a quality assessment standard, a performance level to distinguish lubricants for gasoline engines and diesel engines. Normally, the highest API level for gasoline engines today is SP or SN, then SM, SL, SJ, etc. With the current API level for diesel engines, the highest oil levels are CA-4, CK- 4, CI-4, CH4 are older than CG-4 and CH-4. According to API standards, synthetic oils have the highest quality, followed by semi-synthetic oils and finally mineral oils. Using oil with the wrong API can harm the engine. Specifically, the machine will heat up quickly, the engine will wear out quickly due to high friction speed and reduced lubrication ability.

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How to read API feature level

  • API quality levels for gasoline engines are SA, SB, SC, SE, SF, SG,… to the current newest level, API SN. API for Diesel engines are denoted as CA, CB, CC, CD…
  • In particular, the last letter is used to distinguish levels and is arranged alphabetically, the letter that comes next represents the higher level. For example, API SN grade is higher than SM, SM is higher than SL, etc.

Lubricants follow the base of the oil

Synthetic lubricants

It is a high purity, more refined oil, providing perfect protection and helping the vehicle achieve maximum performance and save more fuel. However, it has a higher price than other types of lubricants.

Mineral oil

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Extracted from petroleum through distillation, removing residue and wax. Usually this type is often used to prepare high viscosity lubricants, but is rarely used directly.

Semi-synthetic oil

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This is the type of oil that most car owners use to replace their cars. The oil is a blend of mineral oil and synthetic oil. And of course, the price will be cheaper than synthetic oil. The quality is not as good as synthetic oil but better than mineral oil. Usually this type of oil is known through brands such as Castrol, Mobil, Shell…, trusted by many people.

Lubricants by composition

Conventional lubricating oil

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Has the cheapest price so it can be used in large quantities at dealers. This oil meets both API and SAE standards but offers fewer additive packages. This is a reasonable choice for users who change oil frequently and whose engines have low mileage.

High quality conventional lubricants

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Premium conventional lubricants are the type car oil standards for new vehicles. The API of this oil line reaches SL level and is always within the normal viscosity range.

Fully synthetic oil

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Made for high-tech engines, this oil has passed rigorous tests to achieve high, long-lasting performance, from viscosity index testing to protection against engine deposits. The oil still circulates well at low temperatures and maintains lubrication at high temperatures. However, synthetic oil is nearly three times more expensive than conventional oil.

Synthetic oil blends

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A combination of premium conventional oil and synthetic oil, this oil provides better protection under heavy engine loads and extreme engine temperatures. This type of oil is suitable for SUVs and pickup trucks – vehicles with high engine temperatures and heavy loads.

Oil for high mileage journeys

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According to statistics, up to 60% of vehicles on the road have an odometer of only 120,000 km. With the development of the market, many refineries and laboratories have developed oils for used vehicles with high mileage. Many additives are added to enhance the engine’s internal flexibility without affecting other parts.

Suggestions for suitable lubricants for some car brands

Ford

Ford vehicles often have to operate in harsh conditions, so they need the right quality oil. Ford car oil must meet the requirements for cooling, lubrication, and engine protection, suitable for use conditions and climate in Vietnam.

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Ford Ranger 2023

Lines Ford Ranger car oilFord Everest and Ford Transit that you can refer to are:

  • AMSOIL Signature Series 5W-30 Synthetic Motor Oil
  • Castrol Magnatec Pro AS
  • Pennzoil Platinum 5W-30

Toyota

In Vietnam, Toyota Fortuner is a specialized vehicle for service or long-distance driving. Therefore, in addition to lubrication, Fortuner car lubricant must protect the engine and save fuel.

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Toyota Fortuner 2023

There are 2 product lines suitable for this vehicle:

  • AMSOIL XL BOOSTED 5W-30 Synthetic Motor Oil
  • Wolver SuperTec 5W30

Innova

Innova is a fairly “easy-going” car line, can use most types of oil such as 0W20, 5W30, 10W40, 15W40 and 20W50 depending on how long the car has been used or whether it has just been purchased. Among them, AMSOIL XL 5W30 Synthetic Motor Oil is the product Innova car oil Many car owners choose to buy it due to its good quality and affordable price. However, for cars that must operate regularly or exceed 300,000km, the 10W40 oil mark will be a more reasonable choice.

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CarOn Pro – a reputable oil change address in Hanoi

As one of the highly appreciated and trusted brands, CarOn confidently assures customers of service quality, accompanied by full after-sales service. The lubricant products used at CarOn garage are genuine, with clear invoices. With a team of experienced technicians, CarOn brings customers the best experience.

Come to CarOn facilities now to receive many attractive offers!

For detailed information about service – maintenance, please contact hotline 0961.247.360 or via website https://caronpro.vn/ for the fastest consulting support.

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