Signs of damaged car ignition coils

The ignition coil plays an important role in the engine’s ignition system. Learning and understanding details about this part will help users recognize signs of failure early and replace it promptly. CarOn provides you with the necessary information about checking and detecting ignition coil damage

What is a car ignition coil?

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The car ignition coil is a part located in the engine’s combustion chamber, responsible for creating a high voltage current to help the fuel combustion process proceed smoothly. Thanks to this combustion process, the piston is pushed to help the crankshaft move, generating work. In other words, for the car’s engine to operate well and stably, the ignition coil is an indispensable part. If you want the vehicle to reach maximum capacity, the ignition coil must be of perfect quality. However, after a period of use, the coil will be damaged and needs to be handled promptly.

Structure and operating principle of ignition coil

Car ignition coils are made up of 3 main components, including:

Caron ignition coil structure
Structure of ignition coil
  • Iron core located in the middle of the bobbin, tightly inserted in an insulated carton tube.
  • Primary coil Wrapped around the iron core, the wire end is connected to the battery and ignition IC.
  • Secondary coil also wound around the iron core 100 times more than the primary coil. The secondary wire is connected to the battery and spark plug.

All are placed in a steel tube with an insulating ceramic bottom, and the lid also uses high-quality insulating materials.

Bobin operates based on the following principles:

When the engine starts, the engine ECU emits an ignition timing signal, and the battery deflects current through the ignition IC and into the primary coil, forming magnetic lines of force. Next, the ignition IC will quickly interrupt the current in the primary coil, reducing the magnetic flux and thereby forming an electromotive force in the direction that opposes that reduction. Also, in the secondary coil, an electromotive force of about 30kV will be generated. It is this electromotive force that causes car spark plugs to create electric sparks.

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Therefore, when the primary current is larger, the secondary voltage is also larger.

Signs of damaged car ignition coils

After a long period of use, it is inevitable that the car ignition coil will be damaged. Below are some signs that the bobbin is broken.

The car has black smoke and a strange smell

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A damaged bobbin will make a strange banging sound on the exhaust pipe, smell of fuel, and emit colored smoke. Besides, it also causes the ignition timing to be distorted, unused fuel can easily catch fire in the hot exhaust pipe, causing the engine to backfire. When this phenomenon appears, you need to take your car for maintenance immediately to avoid a worse situation.

Consume more energy than usual

The car says it's out of gas

The fact that a vehicle consumes more fuel than normal can be due to many reasons, one of which may be due to bignition coil crash. When the turbine is broken, the fuel is not completely burned, so to ensure operating pressure, the engine must increase the amount of fuel pumped into the combustion chamber.

Engine vibrates and speeds unevenly

The engine loses fire, leading to vibration, jerking, weakness… which are the most visible signs of a problem with the car’s ignition coil. When the voltage generated is not large enough, the motor will lose fire (also known as stall phenomenon). Loss of ignition in one or two engines will cause the engine speed to be uneven and not smooth… leading to the car jerking when accelerating and feeling “stiff” when accelerating.

The car stalled suddenly

A broken bobbin can cause a moving vehicle to stall because at this time the spark plug has no fire, so fuel is not burned, affecting the vehicle’s operation.

Engine is difficult or won’t start

A malfunctioning bobbin can cause misfire in some or all cylinders, causing little or no power to be produced. This makes the engine difficult to start, or even impossible to start.

The Check Engine error light is on

When the bobbin is broken, an error light will appear on the dashboard to warn the driver. At this time, the vehicle should be taken to the nearest garage for timely inspection and replacement, ensuring user safety and stable vehicle operation.

Instructions for checking car ignition coils

Supplies need to be prepared

First, before checking the ignition coil, you need to fully prepare the following tools:

+ Goggles or similar devices can protect the eyes

+ Insulated gloves to prevent electric shock

How to do it step by step

Method 1: Perform an ignition coil spark test

Step 1: Turn off the engine, open the hood to locate the ignition coil. Be sure to wear safety glasses or insulated tools to avoid electric shock.

Step 2: Remove one of the high voltage wires from its spark plug, it is recommended to use a replacement spark plug to test to avoid damaging the spark plug. Then start the car and observe the sparks between the gap of the test spark plug.

Step 3: Remove the spark plug using a specialized spark plug opener. Note that you need to use a clean towel or rag to cover the hole, do not let objects fall into the hole, it will cause damage to the car engine.

Step 4: Reinstall the spark plug onto the cable or wire, use the spark plug thread to touch metal positions on the engine and observe.

Step 5: Remove the fuse or fuel pump relay and have someone start the vehicle to energize the electrical system. Observe that if the ignition coil emits blue sparks, it is normal, but if it is orange, there is a problem.

Step 6: Restart the engine and observe the turbine. Have someone else turn the car key and start the engine to energize the electrical system and spark plugs.

Step 7: Observe the spark color

When starting the engine, if the user notices a blue spark, it is a sign that the ignition coil is working normally. This flash can be seen through the spark plug gap and is especially obvious if observed during the day.

If an orange spark appears, it means that the coil is not providing enough power to the spark plug due to a connection error, damaged coil cover, etc. and when no spark is seen, the coil may be damaged and needs to be replaced. position.

Step 8: Install the spark plug and reconnect it to the wire in its original position.

Method 2: Check wire resistance

Step 1: Remove the ignition coil from the vehicle.

Step 2: Use an ohmmeter to measure resistance. Place the measuring leads of the ohmmeter on the electrodes of the primary and secondary coils.

Step 3: Observe the parameters. Normal standards for primary coil: 0.7 -1.7 Ω and 7,500 – 10,500 Ω for secondary coil.

If the resistor value is outside the specifications even by a small amount, you should take the car to a center to be checked and replaced because they may be damaged.

CarOn Pro – reputable auto maintenance center

Car owners who want to limit damage to the bobbin need to regularly check and periodically maintain their cars. Currently, with the development of supporting technology, cars are produced with accompanying smart technologies to ensure safety as well as comfort brought by increasing user demand.

That’s why every maintenance or repair period, drivers need to take their cars to new car maintenance and repair centers to fix the conditions accurately and to factory standards, bringing peace of mind and security. full.

CarOn 5S - 5S standard car service system

CarOn Pro is proud to be one of the reputable addresses on the market today, with a team of experienced employees who work seriously and put customer experience first. We believe in bringing the best value to customers, maintaining your beloved car like new, giving you peace of mind on every road.

For further information, please contact hotline 0961.247.360 or via website https://caronpro.vn/ for the fastest consulting support.

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