Gasoline cars and electric cars: Which car is superior?

The automobile industry is increasingly developing, besides traditional internal combustion engines, vehicles using electric engines are also “baby” appearing. Not only in the world, the electric car industry in Vietnam is also developing from the popularity of hybrid variants to fully electric vehicles. So among the two types of cars: traditional gasoline cars and new electric cars, which one is superior? Take a closer look at the dangers with CarOn in the following article

What is an electric vehicle?

An electric car does not have a traditional internal combustion engine and instead has one or more electric motors powered by a large battery pack.

These fully electric cars are called BEVs or Battery Electric Vehicles. They usually have a fixed gear (so no gear changes take place while driving) and progress almost silently and smoothly.

To charge your electric car, you must plug it into a wall charger installed at home or at a network of public charging points. Electric cars are increasingly popular because they do not emit environmentally harmful CO2, unlike cars that run on gasoline or oil.

Gasoline cars?

Unlike electric cars, gasoline-powered cars use an internal combustion engine to burn fuel to help the vehicle operate. Engines turn gasoline into energy. The power generated from fuel combustion is used to turn the wheels and help move the vehicle.

To ensure that it can operate efficiently over a wide speed range, a gearbox is required. It works like the gears on your bike; Higher gears let you go faster while lower gears provide more power for acceleration.

However, the limitation of gasoline-powered cars is that they lose 60% of energy from fuel due to the structure of the internal combustion engine. In addition, using gasoline energy will create CO2 emissions that are extremely harmful to human health and have a great impact on the environment.

Compare electric cars and gasoline cars

About fuel used

This is the most notable difference between the two cars. Electric cars consume energy from the battery to operate and can charge the battery after use. Meanwhile, gasoline cars use fossil fuels such as gasoline and oil to create kinetic energy.

About vehicle structure and space

From this difference, leading to the next difference, electric cars have fewer structural components than gasoline cars. The engine of an electric vehicle is a motor, so it has a much simpler structure than internal combustion engines. We will forget about parts such as pistons, cylinders, crankshafts, gears, fuel filter systems…

Also because there are fewer internal components and components, considering the same size, electric cars always have more space than cars using traditional internal combustion engines.

About performance

Traditional gasoline cars have an internal combustion engine that converts heat energy into mechanical energy and needs to undergo fuel combustion to ensure transmission between parts. This causes torque to be lost during transmission, leading to actual operating efficiency only remaining at about 35%.

Electric cars have a process of converting electrical energy into mechanical energy, the amount of heat generated is negligible because the torque is transmitted directly to the wheels and not through intermediate parts. Therefore, operating efficiency reaches approximately 90%, many times higher than that of internal combustion engines.

Electric vehicle motors can reach maximum torque immediately after starting. Thanks to that, acceleration time is fast and there is almost no lag.

In contrast to traditional gasoline cars, internal combustion engines need a certain delay to create maximum torque and the torque will gradually increase during operation. Therefore, the acceleration time from 0 – 100km may be slower than an electric car but will accelerate well at speeds > 100km.

About the range of movement

For gasoline-powered cars, fuel problems are less troublesome because a dense system of gas stations is built all over the roads. Except for rare unfortunate cases, the average car can run 6 – 9 km/liter of gasoline.

For electric vehicles, range depends on battery power. Battery charge time is usually slower than gasoline. To improve the travel range of electric vehicles, many car manufacturers have currently researched and used advanced battery production technology in Vietnam, helping to further optimize the user experience.

Specifically, a system of popular charging stations covering the whole country, including fast charging columns, allows cars to charge in a short time over a large distance, meeting customer needs.

About operating costs

The transmission part of an electric vehicle has a simple structure, without the need to use spark plugs, intake/exhaust valve systems, starters, transmission belts, fuel tanks and many other details like traditional cars.

Accordingly, electric cars have economical operating, maintenance and repair costs because they do not require periodic oil changes like gasoline cars. Accordingly, the maintenance and repair costs of electric vehicles are often lower than those of traditional gasoline cars.

According to many studies around the world, for the same 40,000 km, users need to spend about 4 – 5 million VND for maintenance, while car owners with gasoline cars need to pay 15 – 18 million.

About environmental friendliness

It can be easily seen that, compared to traditional gasoline cars, electric cars will protect the environment more.

Electric vehicles use energy from batteries, when operating without emitting emissions. That’s why this car is also called “green car” – environmentally friendly. On the contrary, gasoline cars use fossil fuels, emitted during operation, causing air pollution.

Electric cars almost do not make good sounds during operation. On the contrary, gasoline cars at work make the loud sound of mobile engines, causing noise pollution.

Thanks to the benefits of electric cars compared to gasoline cars along with their environmental friendliness, electric cars promise to become a trend of choice in the future as exhaust pollution becomes more and more serious.

About the selling price

Compared to cars using combustion engines with nearly 150 years of development, the cost of testing and developing electric vehicles is higher because it is a new car and currently costs billions of dollars of investment each year by the manufacturer. car.

On the other hand, compared to gasoline and diesel cars, the production scale of electric vehicles is much smaller. This leads to high costs of components, chains and workforce, thus contributing to high electric vehicle prices.

That’s why the price of electric cars is “slightly higher” than traditional gasoline cars. However, to build the future of the green movement, manufacturers and many countries around the world have launched priority policies to develop green cars. That’s why many manufacturers are researching to develop low-cost electric vehicles.

Cheap electric cars are popular in China

In Vietnam, Decree No. 10/2022/ND-CP dated January 15, 2022 stipulates that battery-operated electric vehicles have an initial registration fee of 0% for 3 years, to be used from March 1, 2022. 2022. In the next 2 years, this ratio will increase to 50% of gasoline and oil harvests with the same number of seats.

With the above policy, consumers can own their favorite electric car models at a more economical cost than choosing to buy a gasoline car.

Advantages and disadvantages of electric cars and gasoline cars

Advantage – Lower cost than electric cars
– Unlimited range of travel because of the density of gas stations
– Many models and many different segments to choose from
– No harmful emissions
– Lower cost per mile compared to gasoline cars
– Government subsidies are offered on certain EVs
– Maintenance service is not required
Defect – Exhaust gases pollute the environment due to the use of internal combustion engines
– Vehicle maintenance costs are higher
– Consumes more fuel
– The price is often slightly higher than gasoline car models with similar designs
– Travel range is lower than most gasoline cars
– Fully charging an electric vehicle battery often takes longer
– Impact on the environment because many details of electric vehicles require specific components to manufacture.

Should I buy an electric car or a gasoline car?

This will probably be the concern of many people, the answer will depend on each buyer’s needs. Each car model has its own advantages, choosing which car to buy must be based on the customer’s purpose of using the car.

An electric vehicle will be well utilized if you only use it for short distance travel, require high technology and do not make noise while traveling. Gasoline cars alone will bring more special experiences when driving and are also a popular fuel type in Vietnam that can be refueled anytime you want.

After considering the advantages, disadvantages and other related criteria of electric and gasoline cars. If you want to pay a large premium then save in the long term, then an electric vehicle is the model for you. On the contrary, if you want to have a large driving range and easily find a place to refuel, an internal combustion engine car is the top choice.

Vector illustration comparing electric versus gasoline car suv. Electric car charging at charger station vs. fossil car refueling petrol at gas station. City building skyline in the background.

Hopefully the details in the above article will partly help you have a more general view of electric cars and gasoline cars.

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